Last week, the Supreme Court of India, in a landmark verdict, ruled that the Indian citizens have a fundamental right to privacy. The key highlights of the judgment, which originates from the guarantee of life and personal liberty in Article 21 of the Constitution, are as follows:
- Life and personal liberty are inalienable, which are inseparable from a dignified human existence.
- Privacy includes at its core the personal intimacies, the sanctity of family life, marriage, procreation, the home and sexual orientation.
- Privacy safeguards individual autonomy and recognises the ability of the individual to control vital aspects of his or her life.
- Those who are governed are entitled to question those who govern, about the discharge of their constitutional duties including in the provision of socio-economic welfare benefits.